Showing posts from December 9, 2018

Teen Trend: More Vaping, Less Smoking

Study: As More Kids Vaped, Teens Smoked Less

By Dennis Thompson
HealthDay Reporter

The advent of the e-cigarette appears to have spurred a huge drop in tobacco smoking rates among teenagers and young adults, a new study claims.

Previous research has argued that vaping could prove to be a gateway drug for smoking, by getting youngsters hooked on nicotine and used to the physical actions associated with smoking.

Instead, smoking among teens dropped off dramatically after e-cigarette use became more widespread in 2013, said lead researcher David Levy. He is a professor with the Georgetown University Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, in Washington, D.C.

"The rate of decline in cigarette use tripled," said Levy.

The new findings come days after U.S. regulators pledged to strengthen policies that prevent the sale of flavored vaping products to minors.

"I will not allow a generation of children to become addicted to nicotine through e-cigarettes," FDA Commissioner Dr. Scott G…

Why Is ADHD Rising in the U.S.?

ADHD Rising in the U.S., but Why?

By Jennifer Clopton

Scott Young distinctly remembers the first teacher who tried to talk with him about attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in connection with his oldest son, Jonathan. The stay-at-home dad in Charlotte, NC, says the teacher reached out several times but he consistently and purposely blew her off.

“One of Jonathan’s preschool teachers had tried to talk with me when he was about 4 1/2 and I wouldn’t listen,” Young says. “She always wanted to get together and talk about issues, and one day she caught me in the carpool line and said I would love to get together with you and talk about some things I’ve seen with Jonathan. I knew what she was getting at and I didn’t want to hear it. I didn’t believe ADHD existed.”

But by the time his son was in kindergarten, Young says there was no avoiding the conversation. He and his wife knew their son was smart but could see him falling behind in school as he struggled with academics, focus, and…

What Is a Psychotic Disorder?

Psychotic disorders are a group of serious illnesses that affect the mind. They make it hard for someone to think clearly, make good judgments, respond emotionally, communicate effectively, understand reality, and behave appropriately.

When symptoms are severe, people with psychotic disorders have trouble staying in touch with reality and often are unable to handle daily life. But even severe psychotic disorders usually can be treated.
There are different types of psychotic disorders, including:

Schizophrenia: People with this illness have changes in behavior and other symptoms -- such as delusions and hallucinations -- that last longer than 6 months. It usually affects them at work or school, as well as their relationships.

Schizoaffective disorder: People have symptoms of both schizophrenia and a mood disorder, such as depression or bipolar disorder.

Schizophreniform disorder: This includes symptoms of schizophrenia, but the symptoms last for a shorter time: between 1 and 6 months.


Consider Your Wake

Many of us like to consider the impact we make as a "footprint" we leave behind. But what if instead of a footprint, we imagined our actions leaving a wake? In this article, Andy Smallman explores how the metaphor of a boat in the water can be applied to our daily decisions and interpersonal exchanges. Just as a boat creates waves that affect the vessels around it, so too do our words and actions influence the unfolding of our days and the relationships with those whom we encounter. "Among the things I like about the wake image is that a wake is strongest when it's new and close, and it comes in contact with lots of things as time passes," Smallman writes. "In this way it is significant both right away AND in the future, the form of significance just being different."

Is There Something Wrong with Philanthropy?

Public policies around charitable giving could be improved to really help those in need, Dr. Rob Reich argues.

By Melissa De Witte

Philanthropy can have important effects on society, but it does little to solve the root cause of the problems it is trying to solve, says Stanford scholar Rob Reich.

While a soup kitchen can feed the hungry, a church can shelter the homeless, and a nonprofit can teach children to read, without changes in public policy, problems like hunger, homelessness, and illiteracy will continue to exist, adds Reich, who takes up these issues in his new book, Just Giving: Why Philanthropy Is Failing Democracy and How It Can Do Better.

Problematically, says Reich, the current laws and policies that structure philanthropy tend to favor the interests of wealthy individuals over those in need.

Reich, a professor of political science and director of Stanford’s McCoy Family Center for Ethics in Society, talked to Stanford News Service about his research into the public polici…

This Emotion Can Help You Eat Healthier

A new study finds that practicing gratitude can improve your food choices.

By Shanna B. Tiayon

With the end of 2018 fast approaching, soon many of us will embark on the annual tradition of making New Year’s resolutions. And one of the most popular resolutions—and seemingly hardest to achieve—is to eat healthier.

If this is your goal, new research in the Journal of Experimental Social Psychology has discovered a resource that could help you achieve it, and it’s not the latest diet fad. Instead, it’s an emotion: gratitude.

In the study, researchers split up 1,017 ninth- and tenth-grade students into four groups. Each group spent five minutes per week, over the course of a month, writing a letter on one of the following topics (the same topic week after week):

Gratitude to someone who helped them with their healthGratitude to someone who helped them with their academicsGratitude to someone who did something kind for themA list of their daily activities
Participants were also instructed to spen…

When You Feel Like Everything Is Going Wrong

By Saundra Jain, MA, PsyD, LPC

“Are you kidding me, what else can go wrong? Can things get any worse?” Most of us have probably said something like this at some point when emotional, financial, relationship, or health setbacks seemed to be piling up. But this type of thinking, often called “stinking thinking,” really isn’t helpful. In fact, it may be quite harmful. Negative thinking creates more negative thinking, leaving little, if any, room to reap the benefits of positive thinking.

Thoughts like, “It’s just a matter of time before something else terrible happens. Bad things always happen to me,” become a barrier to positive thoughts and prevent you from focusing on good things in your life. Most times, the unfortunate things that happen in life are things that you have no control over, so wasting emotional energy on negative thoughts like, “Why me?!” or “What’s next?,” is a dead-end proposition that only results in more negative stinking thinking. A healthier approach is to simply ac…

Do These 3 Things Before Your Holiday Party

Do These 3 Things Before Your Holiday Party to Avoid Overeating

By Gina Harney

The holiday season is packed with fun events – many involving food (and lots of it). To keep holiday temptations from derailing your healthy habits, it can be helpful to plan ahead. If you know that you’ll be indulgent later in the day, there are some key strategies you can use to feel energized and get your metabolism revved before the festivities begin.

Here are some of my favorite strategies:
Move before everyone else is awake. I have the WORST time waking up early, but if I know it will be my only chance to get some movement, I’ll set my alarm and get in a quick workout before the family is awake. This works especially well if we’re at a hotel and I can sneak downstairs to the hotel gym for a quick workout. Some of my favorite 10-minute workouts:
HIIT intervals: Work a high intensity for 30 seconds (sprints, burpees, jumping lunges, quick bodyweight squats, push-ups, mountain climbers); then rest for 30 seco…

11 Things That Weaken Your Bones

1/11 1. Too Much SaltThe more salt you eat, the more calcium your body gets rid of, which means it’s not there to help your bones. Foods like breads, cheeses, chips, and cold cuts have some of the highest counts. You don’t have to cut salt out entirely, but aim for less than 2,300 milligrams of sodium a day. Swipe to advance 2/11 2. Binge WatchingIt’s fine to enjoy your favorite show. But it’s way too easy to spend endless hours in front a screen, nestled on your couch. When it becomes a habit to lounge, you don’t move enough and your bones miss out. Exercise makes them stronger. It’s best for your skeleton when your feet and legs carry the weight of your body, which forces your bones and muscles to work against gravity. Swipe to advance 3/11 3. Miles of Bike RidesWhen you pedal to work or ride for hours on the weekend, your heart and lungs get stronger. Your bones? Not so much. Because it’s not a weight-bearing activity, bike riding does not increase your bone density, unlike walks, runs, a…

Your Spine: 14 Things That Can Go Wrong

Your Other CoreAre you glad you can stand or sit upright? Thank your spine, a stack of little bones called vertebrae along the center of your back, from your seat to your neck. It supports your head, shoulders, and upper body. Your spine plays another key role: The vertebrae make a tunnel for your spinal cord. That's the set of nerves that connect your brain to most of your body. Swipe to advance 2/16 Slipped DiskA cushion called a disk sits between each of your vertebrae, so they don't scrape against each other. As you age, the disks start to dry out. If you put too much stress on your back, a disk may tear or break. Doctors call this a herniated disk. You may not notice. But your arms or legs might hurt, or they could feel numb or tingly. Usually, exercise and painkillers help. If not, you may need an operation. Swipe to advance 3/16 Cervical SpondylosisIt's the result of the gradual breakdown in your neck as you get older. You could get a slipped disk there, or the vertebrae …