Friday, November 4, 2016

How to Stop the Culture of Complaining in Schools

By Owen Griffith

Fourth-grade teacher Owen Griffith offers practical ways to turn schools and classrooms into no-complaint zones.


Wherever we look in our schools, we can find complaining: in classrooms, hallways, offices, and teachers’ lounges. Participating in such talk is easy because there is a lot “wrong” in our schools, but this kind of dialogue is destructive and often spreads quickly.
Why do people complain so much in the first place? An honest answer is that it feels good to complain and blame someone or something else when things are not going our way. Complaining takes the responsibility off of us and, according to researchers, often engenders the comforting response we crave when we fail or are disappointed.
This is not to say that there isn’t a time for complaining. Quite often we might be dealing with injustice or unfairness in our schools that give us good reason to complain. But complaining should not be the end goal; rather, it should serve as an impetus to rally others to help us change an unfair situation.
However, there are times when no matter our circumstances, we get into a funk or always look to the dark side of life—and this gets telegraphed to others through our complaints. Stuck in a rut of complaining, we often hold the belief that we don’t need to change anything about ourselves. Worse, we remain stuck and spread our toxic attitude to others, sapping our motivation to change and making the problems seem even more difficult than they are.
Gratitude is an antidote to complaining as it enables us to change and reframe the way we look at and interact with the world. Instead of focusing on the negative aspects of education, we replace this destructive viewpoint with gratitude and find the positive things about teaching. When we flip our own attitudes, we can also change the culture of our classrooms, which elevates students’ attitudes and increases learning and engagement. Fueling our teaching, gratitude can propel us into a positive flow in the classroom and spark our passion about education.
If your school has been invaded by the pernicious virus of complaining, here are three simple gratitude practices to encourage staff members and students to spread the antidote of positivity.

1. Create a no-complaint zone

This essay is adapted from <em><a href=“https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1475820631?ie=UTF8&tag=gregooscicen-20&linkCode=as2&camp=1789&creative=9325&creativeASIN=1475820631”>Gratitude: A Way of Teaching</a></em> (Rowman & Littlefield, 2016, 148 pages).This essay is adapted from Gratitude: A Way of Teaching(Rowman & Littlefield, 2016, 148 pages).
To promote a positive culture among teachers, make the faculty lounge an area of “No Negativity.” If a teacher starts complaining or talking negatively about someone who isn’t in the room, gently remind him or her in a neutral tone, “It is not fair to speak about that person when they cannot defend themselves.”
This ground rule for the teachers’ lounge creates a safe and supportive environment. Teachers may comment that they feel they’ve become more aware of how much they were complaining about others and they may start to change their behavior. With this ground rule in place, gossiping, as well as complaining, can be greatly curtailed.
To further counter the negativity in the faculty lounge, one interesting idea is to put up a gratitude board where staff can write messages of gratitude to each other. Teachers can utilize this creative tool by taking the time to write a quick gratitude note about a colleague on the board. When educators actually see their gratitude posted on the board, positive changes in attitude and behavior are more likely to follow. In fact, this gratitude can be contagious and start to spread throughout the school.
In classrooms, we can dialogue with students about complaining and how it contributes to negative attitudes. We can also ask them for ideas about keeping complaints out of the classroom. One powerful rule that has emerged in our classroom is that no one (including the teacher) is allowed to complain. If someone does complain, they are asked to say three things they are grateful for
At this point, we can even delve a little deeper into “why” we are grateful for these things. For example, instead of saying, “Thank you for my friends,” we could say, “Thank you for my friend Mike who helped me through a rough time last week.” With this activity, gratitude may again replace the pessimism generated by complaining as we are “re-programming” our negative bias.

2. Break the habit with a “Complaint Bracelet”

Unfortunately, some days it is easy to slip back into old habits and complain. One helpful tool to try to get back on track is to wear a complaint bracelet on our right wrist. If we notice we are complaining, we have to take it off and put it on our left wrist for the rest of the day and restart the process the next day. If we go three weeks without complaining, we can be freer of this harmful habit just by bringing complaining into our conscious awareness.
In reality, it may take more than three weeks to successfully learn a new habit. Nevertheless, it is a novel way to redirect our behavior. Don’t be afraid to ask students to create an exercise to try to curtail complaints.
In addition, we can “recalibrate” our perspective with gratitude daily. In our routine, like when we drive into the school parking lot or every time we walk into the classroom, we can simply take a few moments to reflect on our outlook, attempting to recalibrate our attitude about our students and the teaching profession, looking for gratitude.
For students, we can start each class with a few deep breaths and ask them to mindfully ponder a few things they are grateful for as it pertains to their learning. This will help establish a positive perspective to take through the day’s events and keep us from slipping back into the habit of complaining.

3. Challenge students with “The Complaint Challenge”

The GGSC’s coverage of gratitude is sponsored by the <a href=“http://www.templeton.org/”>John Templeton Foundation</a> as part of our <a href=“https://greatergood.berkeley.edu/expandinggratitude”>Expanding Gratitude</a> project.The GGSC's coverage of gratitude is sponsored by the John Templeton Foundation as part of our Expanding Gratitude project.
Start by asking students: “Can you go all day without complaining?” Have them carry around a 3 x 5-inch card and write down any instance when they complain or even feel like complaining. Then, instruct them to write a gratitude statement or something positive on the other side of the index card. For many students, this action develops a new awareness they may utilize their entire lives as they cultivate the ability to choose a positive attitude in any situation.
For example, one student noted that he complained every night and never really thought about how often he said, “I hate doing my homework!” But then, as this experiment progressed, he turned this statement into a gratitude statement and wrote, “I am grateful I get to learn by doing my homework. It will help me get a good job someday.”
Another student wrote that she did not like setting the table every night at dinner. When she flipped that to a gratitude statement, she started saying, “I get to eat dinner with a loving family and I am thankful for that.”
As this experiment moves forward, if students feel the complaints coming back, have them pull out the index card and read the gratitude.
Whenever possible, students and staff alike should try to turn our complaints into statements of gratitude. When we string together a few days without complaining and instead focus on what we’re grateful for, we might notice other positive things going on, like our relationships improving and feeling more energy to put into teaching. We may even find we are enjoying life—and school—a little more.
 

Inspirational Quote for November 4, 2016

“Be the reason someone smiles today.”

How wonderful to know that you are personally responsible for somebody smiling or laughing today. I know how much I appreciate it when my family or friends say or do something that makes me smile or laugh. I can totally relate to the saying that “laughter is the best medicine.” The ability to instigate a smile or laughter is a very precious gift indeed, and one that we are all capable of giving at anytime, anywhere to anybody. So go, give……..

by CathiBew.co.uk

What Science Taught Me About Gratitude, Compassion & Awe

Dacher Keltner, world renowned psychologist and researcher credited with expanding the field of science to include emotions, offers thought leadership that can shift our cultural narrative towards kindness and care. He shows us that the levels of the basic human nervous system include compassion (through experiments in which images of human suffering lit up the subjects' mammalian nervous system), and demonstrates how "touch is the language of gratitude."

Thursday, November 3, 2016

How to Talk to Boys about Trump’s Attitude Toward Women

By Jeremy Adam Smith

The GOP candidate's "locker-room talk" points to a problem that is bigger than one election. How can parents and teachers build a culture of consent and healthy communication? 


GOP presidential candidate Donald Trump has bragged about laying his hands on women without their permission, and numerous women have come forward to claim that he assaulted them. In the past and throughout the campaign, he has used raw and disrespectful language to describe women, including his opponent, Democratic candidate Hillary Clinton. When confronted about this language in the second presidential debate, Trump trivialized it as “locker-room talk.” 
My 12-year-old son overheard the “locker-room” statement as I watched the debate. “What are they talking about?” he asked. My heart sank and my mind went blank. I mumbled something, I don’t remember what. Then I rallied and said: “Donald Trump bragged about grabbing women without permission. He is not a good man.” To which my son said, “Yeah, he sucks.”

I have readily discussed Trump’s racial comments with my son, in part because he told me that he heard peers talking about them at school. Perhaps as a result, I get the distinct impression that my kids have come to think of Trump as a kind of American Voldemort. That’s fine with me. One survey of educators, published in April, found that Trump’s racial rhetoric triggered “fear” and “anxiety” to describe the campaign’s impact on minority students. Worse, educators reported a rise in bullying against these students, sometimes using words heard in the campaign. I don’t want my boys to think that’s OK.
I don’t want them to think that about Trump’s sexual comments, either. And yet I’ve been extremely reluctant to discuss them with my son and stepson. Why? My middle-school boys are entering adolescence, so perhaps I’m experiencing fatherly jitters in confronting the fact that they are becoming sexual creatures. But the truth might be more complicated than that. Part of me fears that by drawing attention to Trump’s word I’ll be normalizing them. If I pretend Trump’s sexual attitudes don’t exist, then, an irrational part of me hopes, my boys will pretend with me.
I’m not alone. When I surveyed Facebook friends, almost all of them shared my ambivalence. Most assumed that their boys hadn’t heard the genital-grabbing comments. As one mother said, “My kids (both boys) are much more aware of Trump’s racist comments than sexist ones. Maybe they don’t hear us as parents talking about the p****-grabbing body-shaming as much as about the wall, deporting Muslims, etc.”
The trouble with this perspective: How is it that our boys could be so aware of Trump’s demeaning comments about, for example, Mexicans, but not about women?
It may have to do with the reluctance of children and parents to discuss sex with each other. If my own youth was any indication, most middle- and high-school boys would rather die than discuss sexual matters with their parents. Do you know what else I remember? A lot of very careless sexual talk with my friends, and all of us discovering pornography, often by the beds of our fathers. Who wants to discuss this stuff? It seems to me that we—both boys and parents—are participating in a conspiracy of silence, based mainly on embarrassment and shame.
Even if they’re paying no attention to politics at all, most kids have smartphones by the time they finish middle school. That means they have access to whatever’s on the Internet, including pornography, and they likely encounter plenty of language that’s far worse than what the GOP candidate said. From this perspective, Trump is just a symptom. The challenge we face goes well beyond November 8, when Americans will pick either Trump or Clinton. The problem is cultural and psychological; we can’t defeat misogyny with one vote.
So what can parents and educators—especially men—do to stop the “Trump effect” on tween and teen boys, building a culture of sexual consent and open communication? It’s not enough, in my view, to simply say: Don’t do it, don’t denigrate women, don’t touch them without their permission. Our boys also need positive ideals to strive for—or at least some image of a man they are trying to become.
Here are some tips, submitted with a lot of humility, based on a combination of my personal experience and research.

1. Choose to speak with boys

Men should serve as an example to boys. This is a platitude, and a staple of articles like this one make this point. And yet, in daily life, this advice can become remarkably tricky to put into practice.
The vast majority of fathers and male teachers will never commit sexual assault and would never, explicitly or implicitly, endorse the kind of behavior Trump does. Some think that’s enough. The trouble is that our children are surrounded by bad examples—and it is quite easy be silent in the face of words and actions like Trump’s. Many of us, I’m sure, just don’t know where to start when it comes time to speak up. We’re afraid of looking stupid.
My opinion? It’s more important to take an awkward stand (and risk teen ridicule) than to seem to take no stand at all. Our tweens and teens will learn about sexuality and violence. Our task is to prepare them for those lessons, as best we can. If the choice is between silence and a conversation, then I believe we need to pick conversation, every single time. That’s part of what it means to be an example, so that our boys will be more likely to speak up themselves, if confronted with words or behavior like Trump’s.
When my friend Chris—a health educator at a San Francisco public school—heard about the “Access Hollywood” video in which Trump bragged about grabbing women by the genitals, he didn’t wait: “I knew my 14-year-old son would probably see them skewering it the next night on Saturday Night Live.” So Chris texted him an article denouncing Trump’s comments, and added: “Remember that grabbing others—especially their breasts, butts or genitals—w/o consent is NEVER OK, and if you see someone doing that you should try to intervene.” Later, they talked about it in person, and then watched this clip from the Daily Show together.

This to me seems like a model response. Chris a) assumed his son would see it; b) immediately and unambiguously denounced the words and behavior; c) followed up the text with an in-person conversation; and d) engaged other media in the conversation, holding up positive examples alongside the negative one.
What if you hate Trump’s comments about women—but are voting for him anyway?
I think the first step is to admit that you face a real difficulty. It’s not that hard for me to imagine; I’ve voted for flawed candidates myself, because I supported their policies or felt that the other candidate was worse. It’s not my mission with this article to get anyone to change his vote. Here, I only ask this of us as men: Let’s not minimize the harm of words or behavior like Trump’s, when talking with our sons.

2. Speak with boys about pornography and consent

Trump’s comments about women are shocking because they seem pornographic.
There is no direct evidence that pornography fuels sexual violence—but sexual violence is pervasive in pornography, and it is routinely depicted in other corners of popular culture. Studies estimate that anywhere from one to two thirds of porn videos include aggressive physical acts, like spanking, choking, binding, gagging—or, yes, suddenly grabbing another person’s genitals, as Trump said he did.
These are images our boys will see, don’t doubt it for a second. Most research suggests that boys are first exposed to porn at age 11 or 12—which, as the father of two 12-year-old boys, I completely believe. Most of their peers have smartphones and unfettered access to the Internet. As they reach adolescence, they’re going to stumble across a lot of things they can’t un-see.
Speaking of which: What do you do in the bedroom? Many parents like to tie each other up, or so I’m told. Some might even break out the floggers and riding crops when they have a rare Saturday night to themselves. But there is a huge difference between what happens in real life and what happens in porn. There’s a critical element in the sex lives of kinky adults that is missing from most videos: The negotiation, trust, and consent that must accompany this kind of real-world sexual play.
One new study found that people who participate in BDSM (Bondage/Domination/Sado-Masochism) communities show “significantly lower levels of benevolent sexism, rape myth acceptance, and victim blaming” than did undergraduates or a group of random adults. This may seem paradoxical to some. BDSM scenes can appear, from the outside, to be forms of sexual assault, exploitation, or humiliation—and in pornography, all you see is what’s outside. What some might not understand, however, is that such scenes are (ideally) meticulously negotiated beforehand, and only unfold in conditions of trust among all parties.
That’s what boys need to hear about pornography. To be specific, as strange as this may sound: I think our teen boys need to hear what the BDSM community has to say—because otherwise they may only hear what porn has to say. In other words, they need to hear that sex is about consent and communication—it’s about what’s happening inside of us, not just about our appearances. If we’re not paying attention to that, we turn into Donald Trump.

3. Encourage sexual self-awareness and intentionality

Sexual communication often follows a script that is shaped by culturally defined roles for men and women. Men pursue, women draw them in. Sexually successful men are studs, but women are sluts.
Male or female, almost all of us know what it’s like to be in the grip of lust; especially when we’re young, that powerful shot of testosterone and dopamine can override our judgment and our ethics. In the heat of the moment, it just feels right to mindlessly obey unconscious impulses and stereotypes.
That’s why our sons (and daughters) need to hear this message: Stop sleepwalking, and wake up.
Respecting women isn’t about suppressing sexual desires and impulses; it’s about non-judgmentally cultivating awareness of them. If we know what’s driving us, we can take control of ourselves and we can consciously set new intentions. If your subconscious drive is to just get laid and you’re not aware of that, you may find yourself doing things that are emotionally destructive, or even criminal. If, on the other hand, you set the intention to connect with another human being, to get to know them, to make them happy, to give them pleasure—then you increase the likelihood that those things will happen.
I think, for most tween and teen boys, this is the place to start—to talk about our own intentions when it comes to sexual relationships, and to ask them to explore their own.
I’m talking about mindfulness, of course, or the beginnings of it.
To some, mindfulness has become a cliché, and yet every day, people destroy their own lives through the lack of it. I look at a man like Donald Trump and I see a man who is not self-aware. He acts, he doesn’t reflect. He speaks, without thinking about the impact of his words. In the Access Hollywood audio, he’s filled with lust, but it’s mechanical, foolish, dull. That’s not an example I want my boys to follow. Instead I want to ask them to be curious, creative, and caring.
How do I do that? I’m not sure, to be honest. As I try to help them grow, I have my own work to do. All I can do right now is try.

4. Speak out for an alternative sexual paradigm

In my view, the debate about Trump’s sexual comments really pits two different paradigms against each other.
One paradigm insists men can say what they want to women and put their hands on women whenever the “uncontrollable urge” strikes; the way for women to control men’s wild urges is by concealing their bodies. The boundary between “male” and “female” is rigidly demarcated and policed; everything depends on that, because otherwise how can you allocate the power? If the man denies doing “what every man does,” as Trump has, then of course he is believed, and his female accusers are denigrated as unattractive liars, or (if that doesn’t work) so sexy that the men just couldn’t control themselves. This attitude often goes hand-in-hand with the elevation of certain female body types, combined with disgust for women’s bodies generally.
But there is another way of talking about sexuality. In this alternate paradigm, people of both sexes and all genders are asked to take responsibility for themselves and their desires. Men are not slaves to uncontrollable urges; women need to say what they want. “Yes” means yes and “no” means no. People do what they want with their own bodies and they control what happens to them. In this paradigm, you don’t shift blame from the more-powerful to the less-powerful. You don’t assume men have more rights (and fewer responsibilities) than women. You don’t even necessarily divide humans into “men” and “women”; you accept that people play with masculine and feminine traits, and can be whatever they want to be.
That’s my vision of a positive, healthy sexuality, but there are no utopias here. Just people doing their best. When we sit down to talk with our boys about women and sexuality, that’s what we need to bring to the table: our best.
 

Inspirational Quote for November 3, 2016

“The answers you seek never come when the mind is busy, they come when the mind is still.”

Busy, overactive, buzzing mind, with thoughts going round and round in a constant whirlpool of worry! How often has this happened to you? Many times? Yes, me too. However, I have found that, by sitting somewhere quiet and comfortable, has enabled me to just concentrate on stilling and quieting my mind. Occasionally, it can take more time than others but, eventually, my mind does become more still and peaceful and it’s then, and only then, that the answers I need take the opportunity to come forward. Try this the next time you find your head in a whirl with worry.

by CathiBew.co.uk

Wednesday, November 2, 2016

Symptoms That May Signal Vitamin Deficiency


Are You Getting What You Need?

Tired, dry skin, or fighting a cold again? If you feel like something is a little off, you may lack some key vitamins or minerals. They help your cells and organs work the way they should and boost your immune system, among other things. Usually, the best way to get them is through foods that have a lot of them.

Fight Fatigue

If you’re tired after a full night’s rest, it could be from a lack of iron (found in lean meat, beans, and fortified cereals) or vitamin B12 (in beef liver and clams). They’re both important for healthy red blood cells, which get oxygen to your body’s tissues.

Headaches

If you have these a lot, talk to your doctor about magnesium, found in beans, nuts, and green leafy veggies. This mineral helps your nerves work the way they should and keeps your blood sugar levels in check. The Association of Migraine Disorders says 400 milligrams a day can help some people who get migraines.

Dry Eyes

It might be allergies or wearing contact lenses for a long time, but another possibility is that you’re not getting enough omega-3 fatty acids. Found in oily fish like salmon, these are important for healthy vision. In addition to dry eyes, low levels of omega-3s also have been linked to age-related macular degeneration, among other issues.

Dry, Itchy Skin

Scaly, rough patches of skin -- dermatitis -- can be caused by something that irritates it or illness, but it also can come from a lack of vitamin B2 (riboflavin). B2, which helps your cells grow and work the way they should, is found in eggs and some green vegetables, like asparagus and broccoli.

Nosebleeds

Unless you’re a boxer, you probably shouldn’t have nosebleeds very often. If you do, you might be low in vitamin K, an important nutrient for blood clotting, among other things. You can get it through green, leafy veggies, like spinach and kale. But nosebleeds can be caused by many things, so check with your doctor to see if it’s something other than your diet.

Hair Loss

This can happen naturally as you age, but it also can be caused by a nutritional problem, especially in women under 50. Boost your iron (through lean meats, beans, or nuts) to help make sure your hair and the skin around it stay healthy.

Bleeding Gums

The most likely cause of this problem is gum disease, but a severe lack of vitamin C (found in citrus fruits and some vegetables) can also bring it on. This is rare for people in the U.S., though, so see your dentist to find out for sure before taking a supplement.

Muscle Weakness

A lack of vitamin B1 -- also known as thiamin -- can lead to this and other problems. It’s found in whole grains, pork, fish, some nuts, and beans. Potassium (found in bananas) is also important for healthy muscles. Talk to your doctor if you don’t think you’re getting enough through these foods.

Chronic Colds

You might cough and sneeze more often if you don’t get enough vitamins C and E, which have antioxidants that boost your immune system. A balanced diet won’t prevent colds, but it can keep your body healthy enough to fight them off.

Canker Sores

These little ulcers form in the soft tissue of your mouth or the base of your gums. No one knows for sure what causes them, but they’ve been linked to a lack of B12, zinc (found in oysters, nuts, and beans), folate (in asparagus, Brussels sprouts, and oranges), and iron.

Hearing Loss

One of vitamin B12’s many jobs is to help your nervous system (made up of your brain, spinal cord, and nerves) work the way it should. If you don’t get enough, researchers think the signals between your ears and your brain can be affected, and this might lead to hearing loss or tinnitus -- ringing or buzzing in your ears. If you're having hearing problems, see your doctor to find out what's causing them.

Weak Bones

Calcium is a building block for bones, and vitamin D helps your body absorb it. If you don’t get enough of these, you can be at risk for osteoporosis (a disease that makes your bones weak and brittle). The best way to get vitamin D is through supplements, but you can get calcium through dairy products and some fortified foods. Talk with your doctor about what’s right for you.

Cracks in Corners of Your Mouth

A lack of vitamin B6 can cause this as well as skin rashes. It’s found in poultry, fish, starchy vegetables like potatoes, and noncitrus fruits like grapes and apples. Check with your doctor before starting a B6 supplement, though -- it can cause problems if you take certain medications.

The Truth About Halloween Candy Calories


How Many Is Too Many?

Your kid’s gone to bed. His Halloween candy sits there unguarded. He won’t notice if you eat one or two. Or two or three. But before you dive in, remember that you shouldn’t get more than 10% of your daily calories from added sugar -- that’s around 200 if you typically aim for 2,000 a day -- and candy is loaded with it. So how many can you have? You’ll have to decide that for yourself, but knowing the numbers may help.

Candy Corn

Real corn naturally has sugar, but it’s added to every kernel of candy corn. Soft, chewy, and syrupy sweet, these little things are a Halloween staple -- and dangerously easy to eat. What’s your limit?

Calories

1 kernel: 7

1 handful (25 pieces): 175

The exact number might be different, depending on the size of your hand, so count them one at a time if you want to be sure.

Snickers

Caramel, nougat, and roasted peanuts -- all wrapped in milk chocolate. It’s a winning combination when it comes to taste. But what’s it worth to you?

Calories

Fun size: 80

Minis: 42

Two of the fun size plus one mini would be around the 200-calorie mark, which should be enough to satisfy your sweet tooth for the day.

Hershey’s Kisses

Everyone needs a kiss now and then. And what’s the harm? They’re so easy to eat, you might not even notice that you’re knocking back one after another.

Calories

1 Kiss: 22

You’ll have had all your empty calories (ones with little or no nutritional value) for the day after about nine of these. So maybe less is more.

Reese's Peanut Butter Cups

Sweet and salty peanut butter filling wrapped in chocolate. One cup? Two? What’s right for you?

Calories

1 Regular Cup: 105

OK, two cups and you’re done. And don’t complain, you actually got a little extra there.

3 Musketeers

Chocolate surrounds a light, marshmallow-like deliciousness. The fun size is often given out at Halloween -- is that enough to satisfy without overdoing it?

Calories

Fun size: 63

Minis: 24

Three fun-size 3 Musketeers -- and a mini, for good measure -- will put you just above the 200-calorie mark.

Milky Way

Milk chocolate, nougat, and caramel. One fun size may not feel like enough, but watch out -- the calories add up.

Calories

Fun size: 80

Minis: 38

With the fun size, the “fun” is over halfway into your third bar -- at least with a Milky Way. Try 5 minis instead -- they’ll last longer.

Tootsie Rolls

These iconic, chewy chocolate candies are a traditional Halloween handout. The bite-size version is called a “Midgee.”

Calories

1 Midgee: 23

Nine Midgees get you to 207 calories. They take some time to chew, so you can enjoy them longer.

Skittles

These tiny, chewy sugar bombs that go off in your mouth come in many colors. Most are based on fruit flavors, but they don’t have much of anything that comes from actual fruit.

Calories

Fun size: 61

Three-and-a-half packs get you more than your daily allowance. The question is: What are you going to do with that remaining half-pack?

Blow Pops

A favorite of dentists everywhere (not), this hard candy lollipop hides a gum center that may not be the best thing for your fillings.

Calories

1 Pop: 60

Your teeth will probably thank you if you stop at one.

Laffy Taffy

This chewy fruit-flavored candy goes back to the 1970s and is made by the Willy Wonka Candy Company -- who knew that was a real thing?

Calories

Mini size: 32

You could have quite a few without hitting your daily allowance. That’s a pretty good deal -- the calorie count for most other fun-size candies is about double that.

M&M's

Some people are very particular about which colors they eat. There are even urban legends about the effects of some of them -- but we’ll let you do that research on your own.

Calories

Fun size: 88

You’ll get about 17 plain M&M's in a fun-size pack, and two packs will keep you under your daily allowance. That means you could eat one M&M every 15 minutes for an entire 8-hour workday. Sure. See if you can make them last that long.

Nerds

Hard powdery sugar nuggets, they come in little boxes that make a great rattle when you shake them. You can eat them in tiny little increments if you are so inclined -- but most people don’t.

Calories

Fun size: 45

If you ate these one at a time, there’s no telling how long it could take -- there are a couple of hundred in a box.